The Ultimate Guide: 10 Steps to Becoming a Naturalized U.S. Citizen


Becoming a naturalized U.S. citizen is a significant achievement for many immigrants. This process grants them the same rights and privileges as those born in the United States. This guide will outline the 10 steps to naturalization, as provided by the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). Before you apply, ensure that you meet all eligibility requirements and check if you qualify for any exceptions or accommodations.

Step 1: Determine Your Eligibility

Before starting the naturalization process, ensure that you meet the eligibility requirements. These include being at least 18 years old, having a green card for at least five years (or three years if married to a U.S. citizen), demonstrating good moral character, and having basic English language skills, among others. Visit the USCIS eligibility page for more information.

Step 2: Prepare Form N-400, Application for Naturalization

Complete Form N-400, Application for Naturalization, ensuring that you provide accurate and complete information. This form will ask for details about your background, residence, employment, and other relevant information.

Step 3: Gather Supporting Documents

Collect the necessary supporting documents to submit with your Form N-400. These may include proof of permanent residence, marriage certificates, tax records, and any additional documents required based on your specific situation.

Step 4: Submit Your Application and Pay the Fees

Submit your completed Form N-400, supporting documents, and required fees to USCIS. The fees include a filing fee and a biometric services fee. Check the USCIS fee schedule for the most up-to-date information.

Step 5: Attend Your Biometrics Appointment

After submitting your application, you will receive an appointment notice for your biometrics. At this appointment, USCIS will collect your fingerprints and photograph for identification and background check purposes.

Step 6: Complete the Interview

Once your background check is complete, USCIS will schedule an interview to assess your eligibility for naturalization. During the interview, a USCIS officer will verify your application information, test your English language skills, and administer the U.S. civics test.

Step 7: Receive a Decision on Your Application

After the interview, USCIS will make a decision on your application. You will receive a written notice informing you of the decision. If your application is approved, you will move on to the next step in the process.

Step 8: Attend the Oath of Allegiance Ceremony

If your application is approved, you will be scheduled to attend a naturalization ceremony. During this ceremony, you will take the Oath of Allegiance, pledging your loyalty to the United States and its Constitution.

Step 9: Receive Your Certificate of Naturalization

After taking the Oath of Allegiance, you will receive your Certificate of Naturalization. This document serves as proof of your U.S. citizenship.

Step 10: Understand Your Rights and Responsibilities as a U.S. Citizen

As a naturalized U.S. citizen, you will have certain rights and responsibilities, such as voting in federal, state, and local elections, serving on a jury, and obeying federal, state, and local laws. Familiarize yourself with these rights and responsibilities to fully participate in American civic life.


Becoming a naturalized U.S. citizen is a rewarding and life-changing experience. By following these 10 steps and using the resources provided by USCIS, you can successfully navigate the naturalization process. Good luck on your journey to becoming a U.S. citizen!

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